cristi's school projects

Cristi's projects in school library studies

Information and Media Literacy

AASL’s Standards for the 21st Century Learner in Action states that Information Literacy is a “skill set needed to find, retrieve, analyze and use information.” The Center for Media Literacy defines media literacy as a 21st century approach to education that provides a framework to access, analyze, evaluate and create messages in a variety of forms – from print to video to the Internet. CML states that media literacy builds an understanding of the role of media in society as well as essential skills of inquiry and self-expression necessary for citizens of a democracy. Both media and information education require skills of analysis and retrieval as important elements to be literate. In my mind, both literacies are so intertwined that I imagine it as a mobius strip. It is a complex process to figure out where one begins and the other one ends.

There are a differing schools of thought regarding the relationship of media and information literacy. Dr. Mike Eisenberg, Professor and Dean Emeritus at the University of Washington disagrees on the multiple literacy school of thought.

In a webcast “ Information Literacy: The most Basic of Basics”  he opines “In the US, for example, the new AASL standards talk about “multiple literacies.”  Include – seemingly as equal – media literacy, digital literacy, technology literacy, visual literacy, and a partridge in a pear tree. No! It’s information literacy – that’s the broad concept! That’s the one that we teacher-librarians must embrace and champion. Other literacies can be part of or linked to information literacy, but we are first and fundamentally, information centered.*”

Marcus Leaning, a program leader for media studies at the University of Winchester in the UK, sees media and information literacy as “distinct areas of academic enquiry and practice with their own traditions, modes of enquiry and paradigms.” He explains that media literacy has a “long tradition of developing, defensive coping and empowering attitudes in students,” and information literacy is different in that “the techniques taught are more concerned with enabling students to find, analyze, and produce information.” He does believe that there are more similarities than differences between the two; and that the two traditions can and should learn from each other.

*see “notes” near outline and thumb buttons on webcast presentation.

What is Media Literacy?
Visual and Audio Literacy
Digital Literacy
Media Literacy and the Library Media Center

Pathfinder Goal
Search strategy and evaluation criteria
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